The most popular form of figure skating is Singles Skating.
Male and female skaters perform and compete individually.
Men's Singles and Ladies' Singles are separate disiplines (sports) governed by the International Skating Union (ISU).
They are also Olympic disiplines along with Ice Dancing and Pair Skating.
Singles skaters perform jumps, spins, footwork and other skating moves to music.
In competitions, skaters perform the elements (e.g. jumps, spins etc) required for the level of their competition.
Once they reach the Advanced Novice level (Advanced Novice > Junior > Senior) they compete in both a Short Program (SP) and a Free Skating program or long program (FS). The SP is the technical program and skaters all need to perform the elements stipulated for their division in that season. In the FP the skaters must perform certain types of elements but have more freedom to select from a range of possibilities.